Indonesia is the biggest archipelago in the world, consist of 13,677 islands covering a vast area between Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean of more than 2 millions square kilometres. With the population of about 200 millions inhabitats, Indonesia is the world's fifth biggest country for its number population.

People and languages

Once one comes to Indonesia, he/she will learn soon hospitality and friendliness of the people. The people of Indonesia are mosaic of etnic groups. Every island consists of several groups of people some of which have inherited high civilisation dated back thousand years ago from Stone Age. There are about 336 ethnic groups known in Indonesia, each has its own language. However, the Bahasa Indonesia is spoken as a national language. Some foreign languages are also widely spoken especially among educated people or in major popular tourist destinations like Bali and Yogyakarta.


Indonesia has equatorial climate, which is a bit hot and humid constantly. The climate in this country is also typical. In the southern part of the archipelago, the temperature is lower and the humidity is weaker. In the northetn part, it is hotter and humid. The temperature varies depending on the season, between 23 0C to 34 0C. Generally the best sunshine takes place in the morning and the nightfall earlier. From May to October is the wet season and from November to April is dry season. The heaviest rainfall takes place in December and January.